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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 06)
Article Information:

Depositional Environment of Shallow-Marine Sandstones from Outcrop Gamma-Ray Logs, Belait Formation, Meragang Beach, Brunei Darussalam

Numair Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Ali EL-Ghali, Abdul Hadi bin Abd Rahman, Abubakar Mijinyawa and Joel Ben-Awuah
Corresponding Author:  Numair Ahmed Siddiqui 

Key words:  Depositional environments, facies, gamma-ray log, shallow-marine sandstone, , ,
Vol. 5 , (06): 305-324
Submitted Accepted Published
January 10, 2013 January 31, 2013 June 20, 2013
Abstract:

The outcrop of shallow marine sandstone, Belait formation at Meragang Beach, Brunei Darussalam have long been regarded as tide-, wave- and storm-dominated environment that reveals the reservoir heterogeneities and variation in sand body geometry. Intensive outcrop study methods were available from previously conducted work on Belait Formation. But for this study the priority was to acquire gamma-ray profile at 5-10 cm scale by using Digital Total GR Count Detector and re-logged of Sedimentological log (in cm) of 311.8 m thick outcrop to describe the depositional environment and sedimentary facies architecture. The sediments deposited in a tide-dominated environment mostly interpreted in all cycles which were characterized by sub-depositional environment which includes; tidal channel, muddy tidal flat and mixed tidal flat sub-environment with sedimentary facies of planner cross-bedding, trough cross-bedding, herringbone cross-stratification, wave ripples and thin parallel lamination with coal fragmented bed and carbonaceous material. The gamma-ray profile for tide dominated environment shows different shapes; block left-boxcar, bell shape, funnel shape and irregular trend. In wave- and storm-dominated are wave ripples, thin parallel lamination with mud drapes, large planner cross-bedding, trough cross-bedding, highly bioturbated (skalithos) sandstone and hummocky cross-stratification. Whereas, the gamma-ray profile shows different shapes; left-boxcar, right-boxcar, funnel shape and irregular trend and in storm-dominated it show only left-boxcar with no sharp edges on top and bottom. This approach combines excellent data quality to interpretate different depositional environment and its impact on sandstone quality which implies that the outcrop gamma-ray log can use to characterize the rock deposited in different depositional environment in different facies. It also reveals that the changes in gamma-ray profile with in the sandstone depend upon the environment in which the sandbody deposited that reveal in reservoir heterogeneities in subsurface well correlation.
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  Cite this Reference:
Numair Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Ali EL-Ghali, Abdul Hadi bin Abd Rahman, Abubakar Mijinyawa and Joel Ben-Awuah, 2013. Depositional Environment of Shallow-Marine Sandstones from Outcrop Gamma-Ray Logs, Belait Formation, Meragang Beach, Brunei Darussalam.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5(06): 305-324.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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