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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 09)
Article Information:

Challenges of Malaria Control in Peri-Urban Communities of High Endemicity

Adesola A. Hassan
Corresponding Author:  Adesola A. Hassan 

Key words:  Age prevalence, first-line drugs, insecticide treated nets, malaria, sex prevalence, ,
Vol. 4 , (09): 844-849
Submitted Accepted Published
July 09, 2012 July 31, 2012 September 20, 2012
Abstract:

The study was aimed at investigating malaria prevalence and interventions in three sub-urban communities in Ijebu North Area of Nigeria. This is because the challenge for malaria control had been mainly a failure to study the socio-cultural aspects of various strategies of the past. Rapid diagnostic tests and questionnaire survey were conducted. The overall prevalence was 65% with a significant difference (p<0.05) in prevalence between male and female sexes. Prevalence recorded by village was highest at Abata (94.7%). Malaria prevalence variation (12.5-89.9%) among the various age groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). Low prevalence was recorded in pregnant women (5.82%) and 68.9% in children. Only 2.2% of the respondents claimed to use the recommended first line drugs while 9.5 and 5.8% used insecticide treated nets ITNs and insecticide spray respectively as intervention. Thirty nine percent of respondents (pharmacists) reported accessibility to and affordability of first line drugs by patients; 50% claimed Sulphdoxinepyrimethamine [SPs] was in highest demand and 11% claimed equal demand. Malaria infection was high in the communities under study while treated malaria cases at the public health centers were low. The status of insecticide treated nets and curtains were low in usage and insignificant. Community empowerment resulting in the need to provide good quality drugs close to homes, as much as possible cannot be over emphasized as people depended more on autotherapy with bought drugs from local drug vendors or natural therapy with herbal concoctions.
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  Cite this Reference:
Adesola A. Hassan, 2012. Challenges of Malaria Control in Peri-Urban Communities of High Endemicity.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 4(09): 844-849.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
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