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    Abstract
2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Significance of Morphometry Studies, Soil Characteristics, Erosion Phenomena and Landform Processes Using Remote Sensing and GIS for Kodaikanal Hills, A Global Biodiversity Hotpot in Western Ghats, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, South India

M. Bagyaraj and B. Gurugnanam
Corresponding Author:  B. Gurugnanam 

Key words:  Bio diversity hotspots, GIS, land form, morphometry, relief, slope, remote sensing
Vol. 3 , (3): 221-233
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 November, 25 2010 December, 25 2011 April, 05
Abstract:

An attempt is made to study the significance of morphometry, integrating Remote Sensing data and techniques in addition to the conventional methods in a GIS platform. The Western Ghats are amongst the eighteen biodiversity hot-spots recognized globally (WCMC, 1992) and are known for their high levels of endemism. Kodaikkanal Hills are parts of Palani hills of Western Ghats. The study has demonstrated the potential use of remotely sensed data and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in evaluation of linear, relief and areal morphometric parameters and to analyze their influence on the genesis and processes of landforms and characteristics of soil parameters like texture, drainage and land erosion conditions. Visual interpretation of satellite data in analysis of geological, landforms and land erosion characteristics in conjunction with drainage pattern facilitates effective delineation of distinct features to evaluate the influence of drainage morphometry. GIS is an effective tool to analyze spatial and non-spatial data on drainage, geology, landforms and soil parameters to understand their inter-relationships. Geo-coded resource database generated on drainage, landforms and soil parameters in the core of GIS provides an excellent means of storing, retrieving and analyzing data at river basin level to find out their association. It also provides a powerful mechanism not only to upgrade and monitor morphometric parameters but also to permit the spatial analysis of other associated resources database. An attempt has been made to utilize the interpretation capabilities of GIS to find out the relationships between the morphometric parameters at sub basin level.
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  Cite this Reference:
M. Bagyaraj and B. Gurugnanam, 2011. Significance of Morphometry Studies, Soil Characteristics, Erosion Phenomena and Landform Processes Using Remote Sensing and GIS for Kodaikanal Hills, A Global Biodiversity Hotpot in Western Ghats, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, South India.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 3(3): 221-233.
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ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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