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2014 (Vol. 7, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

Issues and Challenges Facing Rice Production and Food Security in the Granary Areas in the East Coast Economic Region (ECER), Malaysia

Chamhuri Siwar, Nor Diana Mohd Idris, Muhammad Yasar and Golam Morshed
Corresponding Author:  Nor Diana Mohd Idris 

Key words:  Food security, Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA), Kemubu Agriculture Development Area (KADA), Kemasin Semerak IADA, North Terengganu (KETARA IADA), rice production,
Vol. 7 , (4): 711-722
Submitted Accepted Published
January 31, 2013 April 12, 2013 January 27, 2014
Abstract:

This study is an effort to explore and investigate the issues and challenging are facing rice production and food security in Malaysia. It is also to identify the contribution of the granary areas in East Coast Economic Region (ECER) to the national food security. The important of rice as a staple food crop of Malaysia and is grown on 673,745 ha of land, producing annually 2.6 million tons of paddy grain valued at RM 2 billion, which is contribute with average growth rate of 3.7% of year, in the last five years. However, the current country’s self-sufficiency level for rice production is about 71.4% and the balance imported from countries abroad. Efforts are being undertaken by government to increase the productivity, cropping intensity prediction and crop acreage to cope with the growing demand for the produce. This study examines the various issues of rice production for food security and analyses the challenging of rice production in Malaysia. Various policies, strategies and programmes for rice production will be thoroughly analysed for attaining the study objectives. In the ECER, Kemubu Agricultural Development Authority (KADA), Kemasin Semerak and North Terengganu (KETARA) Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA) is among the granary areas, which emphasised on paddy cultivation to the country. The role of the area is important to enhance the self-sufficiency level of rice in Malaysia. Issues and challenges related to rice production, food security and self-sufficiency are discussed. Various efforts and government intervention have been implemented to ensure that these areas will remain as the important granary area. Several approaches to improve the productivity and stability of food production as well as outlining the agenda to ensure the country food supply are discussed.
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  Cite this Reference:
Chamhuri Siwar, Nor Diana Mohd Idris, Muhammad Yasar and Golam Morshed, 2014. Issues and Challenges Facing Rice Production and Food Security in the Granary Areas in the East Coast Economic Region (ECER), Malaysia.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(4): 711-722.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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