Home           Contact us           FAQs           
 
   Journal Page   |   Aims & Scope   |   Author Guideline   |   Editorial Board   |   Search
    Abstract
2013 (Vol. 6, Issue: 09)
Article Information:

Effect of Imprisonment on Prisoners in the Light of Gabriel Tarde's Three Laws (Case Study: Prison of Qom, Arak and Karaj Cities)

Sara Nikbakht, Mahmoud Ghayoumzadeh, Davoud Hosienzadeh and Behzad Shoghi
Corresponding Author:  Sara Nikbakht 

Key words:  Crime, gabriel tarde, imprisonment, imitation, , ,
Vol. 6 , (09): 1573-1577
Submitted Accepted Published
November 12, 2012 January 01, 2013 July 15, 2013
Abstract:

This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of imprisonment on the prisoners in the light of Gabriel Tarde's Three Laws in the prisons of Qom, Arak and Karaj cities in 2012. Statistical population of survey was consisted of prisoners in three cities of Arak, Qom and Karaj and in this regard 121 individuals were considered as the sample size by using the random sampling; among these individuals, 20 individuals were selected from prisoners in Qom, 33 from Arak and 68 from Karaj. Data collection was based on the questionnaire. Reliability of questionnaire was obtained 0.89 by using Cronbach's alpha method for 22-question researcher-made questionnaire with five-point Likert scale; moreover the content validity was used in order to test the validity of questionnaire and for this propose the questionnaire was approved by relevant experts. Analysis of data, obtained from implementing the questionnaire, was done through the software Spss in both descriptive section (frequency, percentage frequency, mean, standard deviation) and inferential section (Single-sample T-test and chi-square test). Results of research indicated that the Gabriel Tarde's laws have been effective in the field of adverse effects of imprisonment on the prisoners. Moreover, the results showed that the effect of imprisonment is not predictable in penal system in reducing the crime and also the outbreak of¬¬¬ crimes by the prisoners is higher.
Abstract PDF HTML
  Cite this Reference:
Sara Nikbakht, Mahmoud Ghayoumzadeh, Davoud Hosienzadeh and Behzad Shoghi, 2013. Effect of Imprisonment on Prisoners in the Light of Gabriel Tarde's Three Laws (Case Study: Prison of Qom, Arak and Karaj Cities).  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 6(09): 1573-1577.
    Advertise with us
 
ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
Submit Manuscript
   Current Information
   Sales & Services
   Contact Information
  Executive Managing Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Publishing Editor
  Email: support@maxwellsci.com
  Account Manager
  Email: faisalm@maxwellsci.com
  Journal Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Press Department
  Email: press@maxwellsci.com
Home  |  Contact us  |  About us  |  Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2009. MAXWELL Science Publication, a division of MAXWELLl Scientific Organization. All rights reserved