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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 16)
Article Information:

The Challenge of Liquid Transportation Fuels in Nigeria and the Emergence of the Nigerian Automotive Biofuel Programme

Elijah I. Ohimain
Corresponding Author:  Elijah I. Ohimain 

Key words:  Automotive biofuel, biodiesel, bioethanol, bioenergy, environmental impacts, petroleum,
Vol. 5 , (16): 4058-4065
Submitted Accepted Published
December 30, 2011 February 17, 2012 April 30, 2013
Abstract:

This study is aimed at assessing the challenge of liquid transportation fuel in Nigeria, which necessitated the entrance of the country into the biofuel race. The study found that despite being an important member of the organization of petroleum exporting countries (OPEC), Nigeria still suffers from fuel scarcities. Reasons for the short supply of refined petroleum products (particularly gasoline, diesel and aviation fuel) in Nigeria include poor capacity utilization of the nationís refineries, disruption of crude oil supply to the refineries and political instability in the Niger Delta region (Nigeriaís oil province). Nigeria now relies heavily on foreign nations for the supply of these fuels. The country spends substantial part of her foreign exchange on fuel importation. The Federal Government now wishes to reverse this trend by initiating the automotive biofuel programme. The Nigerian automotive biofuel programme involved the construction of 9 plants comprising of 4 sugarcane and 2 cassava bioethanol projects and 3 biodiesel projects. These projects would involve the investment of $1.27 billion into the Nigerian economy for the production of 445 million L of ethanol, 192 MW of green electricity and 120 million L of biodiesel annually
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  Cite this Reference:
Elijah I. Ohimain, 2013. The Challenge of Liquid Transportation Fuels in Nigeria and the Emergence of the Nigerian Automotive Biofuel Programme.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 5(16): 4058-4065.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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