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    Abstract
2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 09)
Article Information:

Investigating New Innovations to Detect Small Salt-Water Fraction Component in Mineral Oil and Small Oil Fraction Component in Salt-Water Projects

E.R.R. Mucunguzi-Rugwebe, E.A. Hammer and Y. Kaahwa
Corresponding Author:  Eric Mucunguzi 

Key words:  Digital display, environmental hazards, laser beam, laser power meter, mineral oil, salt water, small oil fraction component γ
Vol. 3 , (09): 852-856
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 January, 11 2011 March, 26 2011 September, 20
Abstract:

The main purpose of this study is to present the key findings on the effects of small salt-water fraction component, β expressed in volume % per L on rotation are presented in the temperature range of 19.0 to 24.0C. It was found that rotations in oils with low boiling point known as light oils like Final diesel No. 2 were greater than the rotations which occurred in oils with high boiling point called heavy oils such as Esso diesel. Small oil fraction components, γs expressed in mL/L of salt water down to 10 ppm were detected. The greatest impact on rotation of these oils was found in light oils like Fina No. 2 diesel. At 40 ppm which is the oil content level below which the environment authority considers process water to be free from oil environmental hazards, the observed rotation angles were 23.2 for Esso, 36.7 for Nors Hydro AS, and 71.8 in Fina No. 2 diesel. It was observed that light oils molecules have drastic effect on optical properties of the mixture in which they exist. It was found that for all oils, oil fractions greater than 100 ppm, caused the medium to be optically dense. This technology has shown a very high potential of being used as an environmental monitor to detect oil fractions down to 10 ppm and the technique can use laser beam to control re-injected process water with oil fractions between 100-2000 ppm.
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  Cite this Reference:
E.R.R. Mucunguzi-Rugwebe, E.A. Hammer and Y. Kaahwa, 2011. Investigating New Innovations to Detect Small Salt-Water Fraction Component in Mineral Oil and Small Oil Fraction Component in Salt-Water Projects.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 3(09): 852-856.
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