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2012 (Vol. 1, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Air Pollution in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

1C.C. Tawari and 2J.F.N. Abowei
Corresponding Author:  J.F.N. Abowei 

Key words:  Air pollution, control measures, effects, fate, Niger Delta, ources/classification,
Vol. 1 , (2): 94-117
Submitted Accepted Published
April 18, 2012 May 14, 2012 October 20, 2012
Abstract:

Air pollution in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria was reviewed to create awareness of its consequences and minimize it. Air pollution is one of the major environmental problems confronting the Niger Delta Area (NDA) yet information regarding this is very scanty. The NDA is Nigeria’s most endowed region in terms of oil mineral reserves and one of the most industrialized after Lagos, Nigeria’s former administrative capital. The operations of these industries especially the upstream and downstream petroleum sectors as well as a variety of other anthropogenically related activities including biomass combustion, refuse burning and traffic emissions releases a barrage of substances like volatile organics, oxides of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, particulate matter, heavy metals and other toxics at levels that most times exceed both the national and international guidelines. Apart from compromising the quality of the atmosphere most of the air pollution in the region is observed to have local and regional effects such as the formation of acid rain, water pollution, soil pollution and impacts on plants and wild life, effects on materials and artifacts and recently contributing to the global warming effects. While most of these claims may be true a great majority has not been substantiated scientifically and is rather based on assumptions or being speculative. There are numerous challenges facing air quality studies in NDA. Like in most developing nations the issues are multifaceted and the most acute have been lack of equipment, inadequate expertise, lack of infrastructure and weak policy frame work. This and many other factors has been the bane to achieving the much desired goals towards preserving the quality of the ecosystems and safeguarding the health of the public in the region. A brief description of the Niger delta area, the possible sources/classification, fate, effects, of air pollution in the region with highlights of a few case scenarios of air pollution from community automobile traffic and industries as well as common related health problems are discussed in the study to create the needed awareness and solutions are proffered.
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  Cite this Reference:
1C.C. Tawari and 2J.F.N. Abowei, 2012. Air Pollution in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria.  International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 1(2): 94-117.
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ISSN (Online):  2049-842X
ISSN (Print):   2049-8411
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