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2012 (Vol. 1, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Some Occupational Diseases in Culture Fisheries Management and Practices Part Two: Schistosomiasis and Filariasis

B.R. Ukoroije and J.F.N. Abowei
Corresponding Author:  J.F.N. Abowei 

Key words:  Culture fisheries, filariasis, occupational diseases, schistosomiasis, , ,
Vol. 1 , (1): 64-71
Submitted Accepted Published
May 01, 2012 June 01, 2012 July 15, 2012
Abstract:

The part two of some occupational diseases in culture fisheries management and practices is discussed in this study to provide fish culturist knowledge on more health implications in culture management and practices. Schistosomiasis and Filariasis are some occupational diseases in culture fisheries management and practices reviewed to create awareness of the health implications in aquaculture. The pond environment is suitable for Schistosomiasis and Filariasis. Snails serve as the intermediary agent between mammalian hosts of Schistosomiasis. Although it has a low mortality rate, schistosomiasis often is a chronic illness that can damage internal organs and, in children, impair growth and cognitive development. Filariasis is considered is caused by thread-like nematodes (roundworms) belonging to the superfamily Filarioidea. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by the worms Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori. Subcutaneous filariasis is caused by Loa loa (the eye worm), Mansonella streptocerca and Onchocerca volvulus. These worms occupy the subcutaneous layer of the skin, in the fat layer. Serous cavity filariasis is caused by the worms Mansonella perstans and Mansonella ozzardi, which occupy the serous cavity of the abdomen. The adult worms, which usually stay in one tissue, release early larvae forms known as microfilariae into the host's bloodstream. These are transmitted from host to host by blood-feeding arthropods, mainly black flies and mosquitoes. This study reviews the classification, life cycle, Signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, epidemiology, society and culture of Schistosomiasis and Filariasis to create the required health implications in culture fisheries.
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  Cite this Reference:
B.R. Ukoroije and J.F.N. Abowei, 2012. Some Occupational Diseases in Culture Fisheries Management and Practices Part Two: Schistosomiasis and Filariasis.  International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 1(1): 64-71.
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ISSN (Online):  2049-842X
ISSN (Print):   2049-8411
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