Home           Contact us           FAQs           
 
   Journal Page   |   Aims & Scope   |   Author Guideline   |   Editorial Board   |   Search
    Abstract
2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Constraints in the Control of African Trypanosomiasis the Prevailing Factors in Kurmin Kaduna, Northern, Nigeria (Review Article)

S.M. Samdi, J.N. Abenga, A. Attahir, B.M. Wayo, H.M. Sumayin, M.K. Haruna, A.M. Jijitar, R.T. Ogunwale, R.A. Ramatu and R.L. Bizi
Corresponding Author:  Attahir Abubakar  

Key words:  Insecticide, policy formulation, trypanocides, trypanosomiasis, tsetse flies, trypanotolerant breeds,
Vol. 2 , (1): Page No: 31-36
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 December, 14 2009 December, 30 2010 February, 10
Abstract:

The aim of this review is to further highlight the prevailing factors in the control of African trypanosomosis in Nigeria. The effectiveness of trypanocides as a means of control is being curtailed by, wide spread drug resistance, lack of alternative drugs, multiple resistance, fake drugs,insufficient veterinary services, proliferation of quacks, high cost of trypanocides and the ability of the parasite to survive in cryptic foci poorly accessible to drugs. Trypanotolerance is a relative rather than absolute trait, severely affected by heavy challenge, malnutrition, stress, breed, age, season, and concurrent disease, Trypanotolerant breeds are poorly utilized and accepted because of their size, productivity and traction power compared with the large zebu breeds. Use of insecticide has been the most effective and reliable method of control but fear of emergence of resistance, cross resistance, environmental damage, accumulation in food chains with damaging effect on fertility etc constitute a major drawback on its use. Poor policies formulation and enforcement, human beliefs and behaviors, tsetse redistribution, mechanical transmitters and reservoire host has hindered effective control. The scanty inform ation on distribution, prevalence and economic impact of trypanosomosis in Nigeria, coupled with corruption, lack of community participation, inability to implement cost effective control strategies, these has resulted in the negative attitude of national governments and international funding organizations towards control of the disease, leading to collapse of many control projects. There is no control method that can be used alone; rather a combination of different control methods has proven effective due to the social, economical and cultural behaviors of Nigerians.
Abstract PDF HTML
  Cite this Reference:
S.M. Samdi, J.N. Abenga, A. Attahir, B.M. Wayo, H.M. Sumayin, M.K. Haruna, A.M. Jijitar, R.T. Ogunwale, R.A. Ramatu and R.L. Bizi, 2010. Constraints in the Control of African Trypanosomiasis the Prevailing Factors in Kurmin Kaduna, Northern, Nigeria (Review Article).  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2(1): Page No: 31-36.
    Advertise with us
 
ISSN (Online):  2041-2908
ISSN (Print):   2041-2894
Submit Manuscript
   Current Information
   Sales & Services
   Contact Information
  Executive Managing Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Publishing Editor
  Email: support@maxwellsci.com
  Account Manager
  Email: faisalm@maxwellsci.com
  Journal Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Press Department
  Email: press@maxwellsci.com
Home  |  Contact us  |  About us  |  Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2009. MAXWELL Science Publication, a division of MAXWELLl Scientific Organization. All rights reserved