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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Incidence of Congenital Malformations in Ruminants in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria

M.L. Sonfada, M.N. Sivachelvan, Y. Haruna, I.M. Wiam and A. Yahaya
Corresponding Author:  Sonfada Mamman Legbo 

Key words:  Congenital, incidence, malformations, ruminants, , ,
Vol. 2 , (1): Page No: 1-4
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 August, 18 2009 September, 02 2010 February, 10
Abstract:

A Survey on the incidence of congenital malformations of the ruminants was conducted from Jan. 2001 April 2002. The specimens collected were grossly examined and either dissected or radiographed. A total of 11 cases of malformations were recorded, out of which 5 (45.5%) were of ovine species, 4 (36.4%) cases from caprine and 2 cases (18.2%) were from bovine species. Seven of the cases were found in fetuses while 2 cases each were observed in full term and postnatal respectively. The deformities observed were those of the limbs (36.36%), craniofacial defects (18.18%), postural defects (18.18%) and abnormal twinning (27.27%). It was concluded that inadequate nutritional requirement may be responsible for the animals feeding on any available materials including toxic plants. A study on phytoteratogens is suggested so as to identify the existing ones within the study area.
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  Cite this Reference:
M.L. Sonfada, M.N. Sivachelvan, Y. Haruna, I.M. Wiam and A. Yahaya, 2010. Incidence of Congenital Malformations in Ruminants in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria.  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2(1): Page No: 1-4.
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