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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Sero-Prevalence and Epidemiology of Brucellosis in Camels, Sheep and Goats in Abu Dhabi Emirate

Maymona A Mohammed, Mohamed T Shigidy and Abdulwahab Y Al juboori
Corresponding Author:  Maymona A Mohammed 

Key words:  Brucellosis, c-ELISA, epidemiology, sero-prevalence, zoonotic, ,
Vol. 5 , (2): 82-86
Submitted Accepted Published
January 21, 2013 February 18, 2013 April 20, 2013
Abstract:

Brucellosis is a disease of animals caused by Brucella species and is transmissible to humans. This study was undertaken to determine the sero-prevalence of the disease in livestock including sheep and goats and camels, in different regions of Abu Dhabi emirate and to identify factors associated with the epidemiology of the disease. A serological study using 6126 blood samples from livestock were obtained from 267 farms (Izaba) during the period from January 2009 to December 2010. The Rose Bengal Plate Test and competitive ELISA were used as screening and confirmatory tests, respectively. The overall sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies was 8.00% and 7.00% detected by the RBPT by c-ELISA respectively. Brucella prevalence was 8.3, 5.9 and 4.7% in Alain, Abu Dhabi and Western region. The prevalence of the disease was higher (8.4%) in sheep and goats than (4.4%) in camels respectively. The result showed that, the prevalence of brucellosis was significantly higher in females than male (p<0.04) Out of the 267 farms sampled in the study, 147 (55.1%) were infected with Brucella There was strong correlation between herd size and prevalence of the disease, very large herds had significantly higher prevalence when compared with small ones. The study revealed light of a size able prevalence among livestock in Abu Dhabi Emirate and the results reflect the necessity of a control program of the disease is needed to be adopted.
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  Cite this Reference:
Maymona A Mohammed, Mohamed T Shigidy and Abdulwahab Y Al juboori, 2013. Sero-Prevalence and Epidemiology of Brucellosis in Camels, Sheep and Goats in Abu Dhabi Emirate.  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(2): 82-86.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-2908
ISSN (Print):   2041-2894
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