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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Crime, Tourism and Trust in a Developing Country

Paul A. Bourne
Corresponding Author:  Paul Andrew Bourne 

Key words:  Crime, Jamaica, orderly society, personal values, political inequality, self protection, tourism, trust
Vol. 2 , (2): Page No: 69-83
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 December, 10 2009 December, 30 2010 March, 10
Abstract:

This study seeks to (1) model self-protection in Jamaica, (2) determine the explanatory power of the model, (3) evaluate the role of trust in self protection, and (4) show how interpersonal distrust will affect tourism. This is an explanatory cross-sectional study which is accommodated by the data collected by the Centre of Leadership and Governance, Department of Government, the University of the West Indies at Mona. The data were collected on April 2007. It was a nationally representative survey of 1,438 Jamaicans, using stratified random sample of the 14 parishes, with a 105-item instrument (i.e. questionnaire). Logistic regression was used to estimate the variables for the model. Of the 12 predisposed variables that are used in this paper, only 5 of them are statistically significant (i.e. p<0.05). The 5-variable explain 17.2% of the variance in selfprotection. Of the primarily aforementioned explanatory variables, age of the respondent is the most influential factor (OR =1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08) followed by tertiary level education with reference to primary and below education (OR = 8.37, 95% CI = 2.43-28.82); political inequality (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.02-1.11); secondary level education with reference to primary and below education (O R = 3.34, 95% CI = 1.30-8.62); post-secondary level education with reference to below primary level education (OR = 3.47, 95% CI = 1.17-10.25); income (OR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.68-0.99) and lastly by an orderly society (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.34-1.00). The predisposed variables that are found to be associated with self protection display more than an associative relationship; they are predictors of self protection. These have implications for the behaviour of Jamaican regarding perceived threat to person, property, loved ones or ego. This is important for tourism as some tourist fall victims to crime because of a lack of understanding of how the average Jamaican feels about their own protection. Although the explanatory power the variables are very low (R-squared = 17.2%) it is the first of type and provide a platform for future research.
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  Cite this Reference:
Paul A. Bourne, 2010. Crime, Tourism and Trust in a Developing Country.  Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2): Page No: 69-83.
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