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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Analysis of Wealth and Livelihood Capitals in Southern Ethiopia: A Lesson for policy makers

Adugna Eneyew and Wagayehu Bekele
Corresponding Author:  Adugna Eneyew 

Key words:  Financial, human, natural, physical, social, ,
Vol. 5 , (1): 1-10
Submitted Accepted Published
July 27, 2012 September 08, 2012 January 25, 2013
Abstract:

Access to different levels and combination of asset has a major influence on choice of livelihood options and wellbeing of households. Knowledge of rural people’s access to livelihood capitals would be critical to improve their living standards. Therefore, this study investigated access to livelihood capitals by wealth in southern Ethiopia with evidence from Boloso Sore district. Data was collected from 120 randomly chosen households and analyzed using X2 test, one-way ANOVA and descriptive statistics. The results indicate that distribution of livelihood capitals in the study area are skewed by wealth showing that the majority of the production resources are owned by small fraction of the smallholders. Access to human (education), financial (credit), natural (land), social (membership to agricultural cooperatives), physical (home, water and farm input) capitals; especially by the poor households, are at best scant. There is a need to address the issue of inequitable access to these assets by wealth so that the poor may be equally benefited. The key strategies to improve their livelihoods are to divert the community from land to non land options and promote diversification strategies while enhancing the access to financial resources.
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  Cite this Reference:
Adugna Eneyew and Wagayehu Bekele, 2013. Analysis of Wealth and Livelihood Capitals in Southern Ethiopia: A Lesson for policy makers.  Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1): 1-10.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3246
ISSN (Print):   2041-3238
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