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    Abstract
2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Assessment of Determinants of Domestic Water Demand in Rural Areas of Swaziland

K. Gamedze, D.S. Tevera and G.B. Chemhaka
Corresponding Author:  D.S. Tevera 

Key words:  Domestic water use, households, Siphofaneni, Swaziland, water sources, ,
Vol. 4 , (3): 196-200
Submitted Accepted Published
January 31, 2012 February 22, 2012 May 10, 2012
Abstract:

This study is based on a study in which questionnaire interviews were administered to investigate the determinants of domestic water demand in rural areas of Swaziland. A total of 180 household heads were interviewed in Siphofaneni area to provide primary data for this study. The study discovered that average domestic water use per person per day was only 10 L and most households had unmet water demand for most domestic uses. The results suggest that income, household size and distance from homesteads to water sources are the major determinants of domestic water demand. Households with five or less people tend to collect small amounts of water (0-100 L/day) whereas larger households (greater than five) are likely to fetch larger quantities of water (more than 100 L/day). The chi-square test results reveal that there is a highly significant association between household size and amount of water collected, while the gamma value of 0.73 led to the conclusion that the association is strong and positive. The chi-square test results also show that there is a strong positive relationship between household income and amount of water collected that was significant at 1% level of significance. There is also a strong positive relationship between amount of water collected and household monthly income with the gamma value of 0.44 being significant at 1% level. The chi-square test results show that there is no association between distance travelled to water sources and amount of water collected at p<0.05 significance level. However, gamma values show a negative moderate association between distance travelled to water sources and amount of water collected at p<0.05 significance level.
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  Cite this Reference:
K. Gamedze, D.S. Tevera and G.B. Chemhaka, 2012. Assessment of Determinants of Domestic Water Demand in Rural Areas of Swaziland.  Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3): 196-200.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3246
ISSN (Print):   2041-3238
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