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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Water Quality Assessment of Various Sources in Rural Areas in the Lowveld Region of Swaziland

Khanyisile Gamedze, Daniel Silas Tevera and Amos Olutola Fadiran
Corresponding Author:  Daniel Tevera 

Key words:  Domestic water, Swaziland, turbidity, water quality, , ,
Vol. 4 , (2): 99-102
Submitted Accepted Published
October 23, 2011 November 15, 2011 March 20, 2012
Abstract:

This study assesses water quality levels of sources used by rural communities in the lowveld region of Swaziland. The water quality assessments are based on household perceptions about water quality and laboratory water quality analyses which were carried out on selected water quality parameters. A total of 180 household heads were interviewed and in addition water samples from 13 locations were analysed. The parameters considered were physical factors including pH, colour, taste and odour. Results of pH tests indicated that 23.1% of the water sources were acidic, 7.7% were neutral and 69.2% were alkaline. Water collected from the unprotected wells tested acidic, had a pH of 5.96, implying that it is corrosive and might present health risks to humans and livestock. Sources with highly alkaline water were the borehole, spring, hot spring standpipes, and rivers. Survey findings show that colour, taste, smell and turbidity are the quality parameters mostly used by rural households to determine water suitability for domestic use. Most ground water sources were found to have saline water due to low ground water recharge in the area. Water quality remains a sustainable development challenge in the rural areas of Swaziland.
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  Cite this Reference:
Khanyisile Gamedze, Daniel Silas Tevera and Amos Olutola Fadiran, 2012. Water Quality Assessment of Various Sources in Rural Areas in the Lowveld Region of Swaziland.  Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2): 99-102.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3246
ISSN (Print):   2041-3238
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