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    Abstract
2009 (Vol. 1, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Antibacterial Activity of Garlic Varieties (Ophioscordon and Sativum) on Enteric Pathogens

S. Shobana, V.G. Vidhya and M. Ramya
Corresponding Author:  Ramya 

Key words:  Antibacterial activity, HPTLC, GC-MS, allicin, palmitic acid, ,
Vol. 1 , (3): Page No: 123-126
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 July, 07 2009 July, 27
Abstract:

The present study aimed at assessing the antibacterial activity of two varieties of garlic (ophioscordon and sativum) against enteric pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi, Shigella flexineri and Enterobacter aerogenes. Aqueous extract of both the garlic varieties inhibited the growth of enteric pathogens at the concentrations of 200,300,400 and 500mg. However Enterobacter aerogenes was not susceptible to the aqueous extract of both the garlic varieties. Ethanolic extract of sativum was found to be highly effective against all the bacteria tested. HPTLC analyses of garlic varieties confirm the presence of allicin in various concentrations. Further analysis using GC-MS identified other compounds such as n-hexadecanoic acid, 3-deoxy-d-mannoic lactone, thym ine and hexanedioic, bis (2-ethylhexyl) ester.
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  Cite this Reference:
S. Shobana, V.G. Vidhya and M. Ramya, 2009. Antibacterial Activity of Garlic Varieties (Ophioscordon and Sativum) on Enteric Pathogens.  Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 1(3): Page No: 123-126.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0778
ISSN (Print):   2041-076X
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