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    Abstract
2011 (Vol. 2, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

Determination of Heavy Metals Concentration in Hair Pomades on the Ghanaian Market Using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Technique

E.O. Amartey, A.B. Asumadu-Sakyi, C.A. Adjei, F.K. Quashie, G.O. Duodu and N.O. Bentil
Corresponding Author:  Edmund Okoe Amartey 

Key words:  Cosmetics, concentration, health risk, limits, metals, ,
Vol. 2 , (4): 192-198
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 June, 15 2011 August, 08 2011 October, 25
Abstract:

Forty eight (48) hair pomade samples collected from female students at the University of Ghana campus were analysed for heavy metal content using atomic absorption spectrometry technique. The concentrations were compared with available data on internationally acceptable maximum limits for these elements and their possible health implications on the consumering public. Eleven (11) heavy metals were considered including Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni and Zn (essential mineral nutrients) as well as Cd and Pb (toxic elements). All the samples recorded significant levels for most of the elements of interest except Cr concentrations which were below detection (<0.001 mg/kg) for each of the samples analysed. The mean and standard deviation concentrations for the elements in mg/kg are as follows: Ca (421.055180.203), Co (16.0365.479), Cu (3.7582.270), Fe (209.86667.531), Mg (19.83024.310), Mn (9.8002.423) and Zn (17.54718.876), Cd (5.6970.967), Ni (11.27410.502) and Pb (8.2694.864). Significantly some of the essential trace elements such as Co, Fe, Mn and Ni in the samples were quite high and exceeded reference levels in hair of healthy individuals from different countries, while the remaining elements were within the range. Also the Cd and Pb content of the samples were above the permissible limits for heavy metals in cosmetic products. There is therefore the need for immediate and regular mandatory testing of imported and local cosmetic products specifically hair pomades into the Ghanaian market by the appropriate regulatory authority to prevent the associated health risk and ensure consumer safety.
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  Cite this Reference:
E.O. Amartey, A.B. Asumadu-Sakyi, C.A. Adjei, F.K. Quashie, G.O. Duodu and N.O. Bentil, 2011. Determination of Heavy Metals Concentration in Hair Pomades on the Ghanaian Market Using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Technique.  British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 2(4): 192-198.
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