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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 5)
Article Information:

Occupational Eye Injury Among Sawmill Workers in Nigeria

O.M. Uhumwangho, I. Njinaka, O.T. Edema, O.A. Dawodu and A.E. Omoti
Corresponding Author:  Odarosa M. Uhumwangho 

Key words:  Occupational eye injury, sawmill workers, ocular trauma, , , ,
Vol. 2 , (5): 233-236
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 September, 30 2010 October, 23 2010 November, 10
Abstract:

To determine the prevalence and pattern of occupational ocular injuries in sawmill workers in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study of sawmill workers was carried out using pretested questionnaires. Ocular examination was done on site with a pen torch, portable hand-held slit lamp bio-microscope and direct ophthalmoscope. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 16) was used to analyze the data obtained; p<0.05 was taken as significant. A total of 553 saw mill workers were studied of which 449 (81.2%) and 104 (18.8%) were technical and administrative sawmill workers respectively. There were 496 (89.7%) males giving a male to female ratio of 8.7:1. The mean age and standard deviation w as 38.9 years 12.8, respectively. The prevalence of work related ocular trauma was 10.7% with the technical worker being more likely to develop ocular injury than administrative worker (Odds ratio 15.3, p<0.001). Superficial foreign body, 42 (71.2%) was the most common presentation while anterior uveitis, 12 (2.2%) was the most common ocular disorder arising from trauma. Wood, 25 (42.4%) was the main agent implicated in the aetiology of the injury. Use of protective eye wear was in 7 (1.6%) technical workers while monocular blindness arising from injury at work occurred in 5 (0.9%) workers. Work related ocular injuries in sawmill workers in N igeria can be preventable if adequate safety practices are enforced.
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  Cite this Reference:
O.M. Uhumwangho, I. Njinaka, O.T. Edema, O.A. Dawodu and A.E. Omoti, 2010. Occupational Eye Injury Among Sawmill Workers in Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(5): 233-236.
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