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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

The Study of Anthropometric Variables on Growth and Development of School Children in Zaria, Nigeria

A.A. Oyewale, S.A. Ojo, S.S. Adebisi and S.B. Danborno
Corresponding Author:  Oyewale Abdulwaheed Abdulazeez 

Key words:  Body mass index, body weight, childhood, developmental stages, growth spurts, Zaria,
Vol. 2 , (4): Page No: 185-189
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 June, 28 2010 July, 28 2010 August, 31
Abstract:

Human populations consist of individuals who differ widely in body shape and size. Growth and development are intrinsic characteristics of childhood. Progress in growth and developmental milestones is age related, occurs in phases and has a normal pattern. There are different patterns of growth for particular age groups, from the prenatal period to adolescence. This study was conducted to compare the anthropometric variables of different age and sex group has associated to various degree of development. The study population comprised of 1,235 apparent healthy children (prepubertal 9-12 years: male, n = 248, female, n = 260; pubertal 13-15 years: male, n = 186, female, n = 193; adolescence 16-18 years: male, n =192, female, n = 156). Anthropometric measurements considered includes weight, height, Biepicondylar breadth of Humerus and femur, upper arm and calf circumferences, triceps; Subscapular; Supraspinale; and medial calf skinfold thicknesses. The results obtained shows a significant difference (p<0.001) in all variables in both sexes as there is an increase in the mean value of all parameters measured as the age increases. Female category showed higher value at 13-15 years of age than the males.
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  Cite this Reference:
A.A. Oyewale, S.A. Ojo, S.S. Adebisi and S.B. Danborno, 2010. The Study of Anthropometric Variables on Growth and Development of School Children in Zaria, Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(4): Page No: 185-189.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-8773
ISSN (Print):   2040-8765
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