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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 5)
Article Information:

Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C among Blood Donors in Jos South LGA, Plateau State, Nigeria

A.M. Adekeye, A.A. Chukwuedo, P.N. Zhakom and R.S. Yakubu
Corresponding Author:  A.M. Adekeye 

Key words:  Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis co-infection, Nigeria, Plateau state, ,
Vol. 5 , (5): 101-104
Submitted Accepted Published
February 23, 2013 March 27, 2013 October 25, 2013
Abstract:

Hepatitis B and C infections are infectious liver diseases that result from infection with hepatitis B and C viruses and are transmitted via contact with contaminated blood and body fluids. This study was to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV infection among blood donors in Jos South Local Government Area. Two hundred and forty-five volunteers were screened for HBsAg and anti-HCV using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) tests. Fifty-one (51) volunteers (20.8%) were positive for HBsAg, 12 (4.9%) were positive for anti-HCV while 3 (1.2%) were found to be co-infected with both the viruses. Volunteers in the age group 20-29 years had the highest prevalence of HBV (9.8%) and HCV (2.45%) infections. Those between the ages of 10-19 had the least prevalence of HBV infection (1.2%) while ages 40-49 years had the least prevalence. Based on sample location, Dadin Kowa had the highest infection rate of HBV (5.7%) while Zawan had the least prevalence of HBV (2.0%). Zaramaganda had the highest infection rate of HCV infection (2.0%) while Dadin Kowa had the least (1.2%) and Turu Vom and Zawan having no infections. Gender analysis showed that males had the higher prevalence (15.9%) for HBV and 4.1% for HCV higher than the females with 4.9% for HBV and 0.8% for HCV. The distribution by marital status showed that the single and married subjects had equal prevalence, 10.2% for HBV while for HCV the married had a higher prevalence of 2.85% than the single who had a 2.05% prevalence. This study also revealed that all the cases of HBV and HCV co-infections came from Zaramaganda area in Jos and among married people aged between 20 to 29 years. Co-infection was 0.8 and 0.4% for males and females, respectively. These results revealed the presence and circulation of HBV and HCV in the studied areas. Other details have been discussed in the study.
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  Cite this Reference:
A.M. Adekeye, A.A. Chukwuedo, P.N. Zhakom and R.S. Yakubu, 2013. Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C among Blood Donors in Jos South LGA, Plateau State, Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 5(5): 101-104.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-8773
ISSN (Print):   2040-8765
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