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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Comparison of Dermatoglyphic Patterns Between Healthy and Hypertensive People

Mariam Tafazoli, Setareh Rezvan Dezfooli, Tooba Kazemi, Hassan Mahdavi Shahri and Nasser Mahdavi Shahri
Corresponding Author:  Setareh Rezvan Dezfooli 

Key words:  Blood pressure, dermatoglyphic, fingerprint, inherited essential hypertension disease, , ,
Vol. 5 , (1): 19-26
Submitted Accepted Published
August 24, 2012 October 19, 2012 February 25, 2013
Abstract:

This research aims at examining the characteristics of dermatoglyphic patterns on the palm and the measuring of the symmetry or asymmetry degree, based on palmar dermatoglyphic findings, in patients suffering from high blood pressure with a history of inherited Hypertension. Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic medical condition of the heart in which the systolic arterial blood pressure is elevated. This condition is opposite to low blood pressure. Dietary and lifestyle changes and pre-knowledge of family history or of familial genetic diseases can help in the better controlling of blood pressure and in the reducing of the risk of associated health complications. Though drug treatment is necessary in HT patients for whom lifestyle changes prove ineffective or insufficient. Therefore, a prior knowledge of Hypertension is important to the patient and the doctor in controlling the said disease. Today, significant progress has been made in understanding the relationship between internal disorders and dermal ridges on the palm. Moreover, the application of palmar friction ridge analysis as an investigative diagnostic tool has been increasing in medicine and through this, important information has been obtained about the correlation between genetic disorders and ridge patterns. Further, as finger ridge lines create special patterns therefore. This research is an observational, analytical and practical study using a case-control observational approach with simple random sampling and without substitution carried out on two groups of healthy subjects and patients suffering from high blood pressure; people without any other specific genetic diseases which in turn affect dermatoglyphic readings. Palmar prints were taken, then vague and unreadable samples were omitted from the analysis and finally the patient's palmar dermatoglyphic patterns were examined. The experimental group was chosen from healthy people with no history of any kind of genetic diseases or blood disorders and no symptoms of high blood pressure among close relatives. Ridge lines were recorded using clear adhesive tape. This research done on a group of Iranians of Fars race showed that in patients suffering from high blood pressure, loops and arches are the most and the least common patterns, respectively. This research studies the relationship between dermatoglyphic patterns and inherited or familial hypertension and it proves that if genetic features are identified, susceptible people can be recognized before the onset of the disease by special environmental evaluation and then the necessary preventive measures can be undertaken.
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  Cite this Reference:
Mariam Tafazoli, Setareh Rezvan Dezfooli, Tooba Kazemi, Hassan Mahdavi Shahri and Nasser Mahdavi Shahri, 2013. Comparison of Dermatoglyphic Patterns Between Healthy and Hypertensive People.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 5(1): 19-26.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-8773
ISSN (Print):   2040-8765
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